Minggu, 30 Maret 2014



What is a Kangaroo?
A kangaroo is an animal found only in Australia, although is has a small relative, called a wallaby, which lives on the Australian island in Tasmania and also in New Guinea.
Kangaroo eat grass and plants. They have short front legs, but very long and very strong back legs and tail. These are that they use for sitting up and for jumping. Kangaroos have been known to make forward jumps of over eights meters, and leap across fences more than three meters high. They can also run at speeds over 45 kilometers per hour.
The largest kangaroos are the Great Gray Kangaroo and the Red Kangaroo. Adults
grow length of 1.60 meter and weigh over 80 kilos.
Kangaroos are marsupial. This means that the female kangaroo has an external pouch on the front of her body. A baby kangaroo is very tiny when it is born, and it crawls at once into pouch where it spends its first five months of life.

1. The type of the text above is ….
a. Description
b. Discussion
c. Report
d. Analytical exposition
e. Hortatory exposition

2. What is the purpose of the text?
a. To inform the reader about kangaroo
b. To explain how kangaroo exist
c. To persuade the reader by the kangaroo
d. To tell the reader about kangaroo
e. To ask the reader about kangaroo

3. What is the text about?
a. An animal found Australia
b. Kangaroo
c. A Wallaby
d. Island of Tasmania
e. The largest kangaroo

Seals, sea lions and walruses live both on land and in the sea. When on dry land or on ice, they are very clumsy in their movements. But in the water they swim gracefully. They all leave the water for land or ice fields to give birth to their young.
The dolphins and the sea cows are sea mammals. Dolphins and porpoise look alike but usually the dolphins are larger. These animals are mainly fish eaters. Experiments show that dolphins are intelligent and can communicate with each other. They can be trained to perform various kinds of tricks and acts.
The highly intelligent killer whale belongs to the dolphin family. Despite of its scary name, it has never been heard to attack human.

Answer the questions based on the text above.
1. The text mainly tells us about ……..
A. different characteristic of sea mammals
B. the difference of sea mammals community
C. the difference behavior of sea mammals
D. seals, sea loins, dolphins, sea cows and killer whales belongs to sea         mammals
E. all sea mammals give birth on land

2. Seals, sea lions and walruses …….
A. are fish eaters
B. can perform tricks
C. can communicate with one another
D. are not fish
E. are swift swimmer sea mammals

3. Which of the following statements is untrue?
A. Dolphins are usually larger than porpoises
B. Dolphins are trained to perform various kinds of tricks and acts
C. Sea cows are sea mammals
D. Walruses lives both on land and in water
E. Porpoises can communicate with each other

4. What is the main idea for paragraph 3?
A. Killer whale gives birth on land
B. Killer whale is an intelligent sea mammal but never attack human
C. Killer whale belongs to dolphins’ family
D. Killer whale does not kill
E. Killer whale can swim faster than dolphin

5. What is the communicative purpose of the text?
A. To entertain the reader
B. To retell the reader
C. To inform the sea mammals
D. To show the sea mammals
E. To describe the differences of the sea mammals

6. What type of text is used by the writer?
A. Report
B. Recount
C. Narrative
D. News item
E. Descriptive
Chimpanzees use a system of different sounds to communicate with each other. One type of cry seems to mean something like “danger in the air or “big birds” and another apparently means “danger on the ground” or “snakes”. The first cry causes them to hide in holes or under trees and look up at the sky. When they hear the second cry, they hide in the upper branches of trees and stare nervously at the grass.
Chimpanzees are capable of learning sign language. One Chimp called Washoe learned to make about 160 separate signs meaning things like “give me a drink” and “banana”. Washoe even learned to swear. She had a teacher called Jack who once refused to give her a drink. Washoe got angry and used several signs which meant “dirty Jack”.
A group of chimps at a research institute in Atlanta, Georgia, has recently been taught to type sentences using a computer. The chimp’s trainer was called, Tim, and he kept correcting the mistakes made by one of the chimps. The chimp obviously wanted Tim to stop correcting him and type out the following request “Tim, please leave this room”.

Answer the questions based on the text above

1. The text is about …..
A. a Research Institute in Atlanta, Georgia
B. chimpanzees ‘ability in communication
C. Jack and Tim, the chimpanzees’ teachers
D. how to teach chimpanzees to communicate
E. how chimpanzees communicate with each other

2. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?
A. Chimpanzees get angry easily
B. Chimpanzees can be regarded as clever animals
C. Jack was a chimp’s trainer at a Research Institute in Atlanta
D. Chimpanzees use a different system to communicate with others
E. Washoe got angry because she was asked to correct her mistakes many times

3. Paragraph 1 mainly discusses …….
A. how chimpanzees communicate with other chimps
B. why chimpanzees like hiding under the trees
C. the sign language used by chimpanzees
D. how chimpanzees avoid their enemies
E. what chimpanzees’ cry means

4. “And another apparently means danger on the ground ……” (Paragraph 1)
The underlined word means …..
A. precisely
B. obviously
C. completely
D. thoroughly
E. approximately


The white pelican is one of the most successful fish eating birds. The success
is largely due to its command hunting behaviour. A group, perhaps two dozens birds,will gather in a curved are some distance offshore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them.
When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, the formation
breaks up as each bird dip its bill into the water to scoop up its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its bill leaving the fish which are then swallowed.
Pelicans are among the oldest group of birds. Fossil of this genus have been founded dating back 40 millions years.

Answer the questions based on the text above.
1. How do they hunt for the fish?
          They do it …..
a. individually
b. one by one
c. in a group
d. with other mammals
e. by flying around the lake

2. Why is white pelican called as the most successful fish eating bird?
          I think it’s because…..
a. it’s two dozen birds gather together
b. its command hunting behaviour
c. its curved are
d. it’s beating the water furiously
e. it’s killing many fish

3. How do they beat the sea water?
a. largely
b. clearly
c. furiously
d. quietly
e. calmly

4. What’s the main idea of the text above?
          It’s about …..
a. the death of white pelican
b. the history of white pelican
c. the breeding behaviour of white pelican
d. the hunting behaviour of white pelican
e. the killing behaviour of white pelican

5. How old was the fossil of the Pelican?
a. 20 million years
b. 30 million years
c. 40 million years
d. 50 million years
e. 60 million years

6. ….., beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them.
          (Paragraph 1) The underlined word refers to……
a. fish
b. white pelicans
c. birds
d. a group
e. the man

7. When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, ….. (Paragraph 2).
          The underlined word has the similar meaning with…..
a. quite
b. too
c. more
d. much
e. so

8. The text above is belong to ….. genre.
a. report
b. narrative
c. recount
d. procedure
e. news item

For many years, many people believed that the cleverest animals after man were the chimpanzees. Now, however, there is proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes.
Although a dolphin lives in the sea it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is in many ways, therefore, like a human being.
Dolphins have a simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be
possible for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because dolphins cannot hear the kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which both he and the dolphins can understand.
Dolphins are also very friendly toward man. They often follow ships. There are many stories about dolphins guiding ships through difficult and dangerous water.

1. The text tells us about …..
A. fish
B. dolphins
C. mammals
D. big apes
E. chimpanzees

2. The fourth paragraph tells us …..
A. how dolphins help man
B. how genius the dolphins are
C. how friendly man to dolphins
D. how diligent the dolphins are
E. how difficult the problems faced by dolphins

3. Which statement is TRUE?
A. Dolphins are fish
B. Dolphins are kind-hearted animals
C. Dolphins’ sense of hearing is very sharp
D. Chimpanzees are the cleverest animals in the world
E. The big apes are regarded as the most intelligent animals.

4. The text above is in the form of …….
A. spoof
B. report
C. recount
D. procedure
E. narration

5. To tell the factual information, the writer mostly uses ……..
A. Passive voice
B. Simple Past Tense
C. Present Perfect Tense
D. Simple Present Tense
E. Present Continuous Tense

Scorpions, like spiders, are not insects. They have eight legs and are termed as “arachnids”. They are found only in certain countries. They have big claws by which they catch their prey. Scorpions have long, thin tails with a poisonous sting at the end.
    Very few scorpions are poisonous enough to kill a person, but their stings can be extremely painful. Some people think that the big black scorpions are very dangerous. This is not true. The most dangerous species are the pale yellow scorpions found in the deserts.
    Scorpions live in hot, tropical countries. During the day they hide under rocks, fallen trees, in holes in the ground and other dark places. At night, they came out to catch their prey. When the sun rises, they return to their shelter.
    The diet of scorpions consist of grasshoppers, beetles, crickets, cockroach, moths and other insect as well as spiders and other smaller creatures.
    One special feature about the scorpions is that, the mother scorpions carries her babies on her back until they are big enough to live on their own.

1. The first paragraph tells us about

A.    the difference between scorpions and spiders
B.    insects which have eight legs
C.    how scorpions catch their prey
D.    what the scorpions are 
E.    scorpions’ poisonous tail

2. The passage above mentions that scorpions catch their prey by their 
A.    claws
B.    stings
C.    tails
D.    legs
E.    “ arachnids”

3. Which is the most dangerous scorpion?
A.    black scorpion
B.    big black scorpion
C.    pale yellow scorpions
D.    tropical scorpion
E.    poisonous scorpion 
4.   “This is not true “(line 6). What does “this” refer to?
A.    Very few scorpions are poisonous enough to kill a person 
B.    Their stings can be extremely painful
C.    Some people think that the big black scorpions are very dangerous 
D.    Scorpions have long, thin tails with a poisonous sting
E.    The pale yellow scorpions found in the deserts.

5.  When do scorpions hunt for their food?
A.    During the day
B.    At night
C.    When the sun rises
D.    When they hide under rocks
E.    in hot season

6. According to the passage, scorpions eat the followings, except
A.    grasshoppers
B.    beetles
C.    crickets
D.    spiders
E.    other creatures 

Snakes are reptiles. They belong to the same group as lizards (the scaled group, Squamata) but for a sub-group of their own (Serpentes)
Snakes have two legs but a long time ago they had claws to help them slither along. Snakes are not
slimy. They are covered in scales which are just bumps on the skin. Their skin is hard and glossy to reduce friction as the snake slither along the ground.
Most snakes live in the country. Some types of snakes live in trees, some live in water, but most
usually consists of frogs, lizards, and mice and other snakes. The Anaconda can eat small crocodile and even wild boards.
Many snakes protect themselves with their fangs. Boa Constrictors can give you a bear hug which is
so powerful it can crush every single bone in your body. Some snakes are protected by scaring their enemies away like The Cobra. The flying snakes glided away from danger. Their ribs spread apart and the skin stretches out. Its technique is just like sugar gliders.

Text source: Derewianka, 1990.

1. What is the main idea of the text?
a. Snakes are reptile
b. Snakes have two legs
c. Most snakes live in the country
d. Many snakes protect themselves with their fangs.

2.  Paragraph ….. describes about the physical description of snakes.
a. One
b. Two
c. Three
d. Four

3.  The following statements are true, except …….
a. All snakes live in the country
b. Snakes can be found mostly in the ground.
c. Cobras protect themselves by scarring their enemies away.
d. A snake does not only eat frogs and lizards but also other snakes

4.  “A snake’s diet usually consists of frogs, lizards, and mice and other snakes.” (paragraph 2).
The word diet has the same meaning as …..
a. Enemy
b. Predator
c. Prey
d. Friend

5.       X : Look, the snake is eating our rabbit. Let’s kill it !
          Y : No, …. The snake belongs to endangered species. It’s protected by government. Let it                 go.
a. I believe it
b. It’s a good idea
c. It’s not a good idea
d. I am not sure about that

The Jaguar
(Panthera Onea)
Although the jaguar is an animal that is not found in Asia, it is famous in Asia because of the car named after the animal. This report provides information on the characteristics, habitat and life of the jaguar.
The jaguar belongs to the cat family. It is one of the four big (roaring) cats: the lion, the tiger and the leopard. Because it has spots, a jaguar is often mistaken for the leopard. However, a jaguar has larger rosette markings, a stronger body and a shorter tail. A rosette is a rose shaped spot on an animal. The rosettes of jaguars sometimes look like the print of an animal paw.
The jaguar is brownish-yellow in colour and has spots on the head, neck and legs, and rosettes on other parts of its body. It can weigh up to 100 kilograms and has a powerful jaw that it can easily crush the skull of its prey.
1.           Give the same meaning or explain of underline words!
2.           Where is the jaguar found?
3.           What is jaguar like?
4.           What is the different between jaguar and leopard?
5.           What is rosette?
6.           How does the jaguar kill its prey?

The tiger is largest member of the cat family. There are eight subspecies: Caspian, Bengal, Indochinese, Chinese, Siberian, Sumatran, Java and Bali. Three subspecies are extinct, the rest are endangered, so we have to protect them.
Tigers have reddish skin, a white belly, but white and black tail.  The head, body and tail have black, brown, or grey stripes. Tiger usually eat deer, buffaloes or rabbit. Tigers are now a protected species, but the hunters continue killing them for their skins. In Asia, some parts of a tiger’s body are used as medicines.

7.     What is the family of the tigers?
a. cat                              c. deer
b. buffalo                       d. bird

8.     How many subspecies of tiger are there?
a. Six                             c. Seven 
b. Seven                         d. Eight 
9.     The text tells us about . . . .
a. Cat                                       c. Tiger
b. Deer                                     d. Buffalo
10.                        “Tigers are now a protected species, ….
The underlined word has the same meaning as . . . .
a. killed                                    c. hunted
b. saved                                   d. breeded

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